The Leibniz-Centre General Linguistics (ZAS) is a non-university research centre located in the federal state of Berlin. The umbrella organization of ZAS is the association Geisteswissenschaftliche Zentren Berlin e.V. (GWZ). Since January 2017 the Bund-Länder Commission has been supporting ZAS’s research as a member of the Leibniz-Association.
Research at ZAS is dedicated to the description and explanation of the structure of natural language and its breadth of variation. The aim is to better understand this central human capacity and its biological, cognitive and social factors, thereby laying the foundation for the understanding of the basic structure, acquisition, and processing of language and its impairments as well as for applications in language technology.
In four research areas at ZAS, experts from all core areas of linguistics are currently working: Phonetics, Phonology, Morphology, Syntax, Lexicon, Semantics and Pragmatics as well as Child Language Acquisition. Externally acquired third-party funded projects are attached to the four research areas. The concentration of active research in multiple linguistic sub-disciplines in a single institution is unique in Germany and facilitates a direct exchange of current research findings and methods. Numerous stays of visiting researchers and scholarship holders, national and international workshops and conferences provide important impulses for the scientific work at ZAS.
Important Work and Services:
ZAS can draw from expertise in monolingual and bilingual language acquisition accumulated over the past 20 years. Important fields of work in the research area Language Development and Multilingualism (FB II) are the development of discourse skills in pre- and elementary school age, the identification and detailed description of language development disorders and the opportunities and problems in multilingual language acquisition. ZAS has carried out studies on the acquisition of German in children speaking the most common migration languages in Germany (for example, Russian, Polish, Bulgarian, Turkish), some of them as longitudinal studies over the course of several years.
ZAS develops language aptitude evaluations and instruments for the diagnosis and treatment of language development disorders as well as methods for supporting the acquisition of German that take the speaker’s knowledge of their native language into account. The Multilingual Assessment Instrument for Narratives (MAIN), developed at ZAS, is an instrument for testing the narrative abilities of children in currently 64 languages (more than 80 are planned at present). It is used in more than 50 countries. Through the worldwide usage of the instrument a multinational MAIN-Network was formed, which is coordinated by ZAS. The Russian language proficiency test for multilingual children is a linguistically and psycholinguistically well-founded test for bilingual children of preschool and elementary school age, which is also applied worldwide.
ZAS develops language development programs and works on methods of conveying linguistic knowledge in a playful way. In the European COMENIUS project Friendly Resources for Playful Speech Therapy (FREPY), interactive and multi-functional materials for language development in German, Russian, Estonian, Lithuanian, and Slovenian were created. These games, puzzles, picture stories, etc. are available as a print version and online.
The Berlin Interdisciplinary Network for Multilingualism (BIVEM), affiliated with the ZAS, combines basic research, expertise and transfer of knowledge. Within the framework of BIVEM, longitudinal studies on multilingual acquisition and language development have been conducted, new initiatives as well as joint activities with cooperation partners have been launched and connections between science and practice have been strengthened. In addition, BIVEM offers research-based advice on multilingual language acquisition for parents, pedagogical professionals, medical staff and policy makers, as well as develops training modules for further education. The flyer series ‘Science for Life’, which already includes five topics in five languages (German, Russian, Turkish, Arabic, and English), is in high demand: over 80,000 copies have already been distributed. It provides a special contribution to the transfer of knowledge from research to practice and will continue to be expanded with new topics and language versions.
Created under the auspices of ZAS, “Das mehrsprachige Klassenzimmer” (The Multilingual Classroom) is designed for teachers in German schools who have immigrant students in their classes. It provides stimulating and easy-to-understand background information on creative ways to deal with multilingualism in the classroom.
ZAS also develops orthographies and teaching materials for small, endangered languages, such as a dictionary of the Melanesian language Daakie.
ZAS aims to further investigate linguistic factors in the acquisition of the language of education, taking into account specific challenges such as other mother tongues and specific language development disorders.